Rand rewrote it, transforming the rivals into architects. In the United States, many intellectuals, politicians, labor leaders, and businessmen thought of the Communist and Nazi systems as "noble experiments," as new attempts to emphasize an individual's moral responsibilities to his fellow man.
She says they can marry, that she will wash his clothes and cook his meals, and that he will give up architecture and work in a store. Roark helps Keating in his design work. When Wynand fires them, the union, controlled by Toohey, goes on strike. The simple fact, however, that Roark made money for people who did not want to make money impresses businessmen, and Roark receives commissions.
When Wynand is out of town in a desperate attempt to save an advertising contract, Toohey strikes. The film would have ended with Kane standing atop the completed skyscraper. All of her books defend man's mind, and uphold the need for an uncompromising independence of thought.
The Cold Ferocity of Love In The Fountainhead, love, like integrity and invention, is a principle worth fighting for and defending. Roark designs a masterpiece, Keating submits it as his, and Toohey accepts it.
She marries Keating and turns herself over to him, doing and saying whatever he wants, such as persuading potential clients to hire him instead of Roark. So Wynand hires Roark to build his home.
In her previous novels, Ayn Rand had also glorified the heroism of the freethinking human mind, although in different forms. At his second trial, Roark argues that individuals, not societies, propel history. Ayn Rand shows that conformity, a widespread phenomenon in contemporary American society, is one of the underlying causes of collectivist dictatorship.
The theme, as Ayn Rand states it, is individualism versus collectivism, not in politics but in men's souls. This is why, in The Fountainhead, when Toohey is chided for cultivating a circle of "rabid individualists," he merely laughs and responds: Dominique leaves Wynand for Roark.
When American society falls under the sway of the Classical styles highlighted in the Columbian Exposition ofCameron's modernist ideas are rejected. Nor does it deal with world affairs, although it was written during World War II.
He shuts down the Banner and commissions a final building from Roark, a skyscraper that will serve as a monument to human achievement. They are immediately attracted to each other, leading to a rough sexual encounter that Dominique later calls a rape.
Though not adept at design, Keating knows someone who is: Every time Wynand has seen a building he's admired, the architect has always been Howard Roark. After graduating from Stanton, Keating works for Guy Francon, the most successful and prestigious architect in the country.
Roark knows that Dominique is not ready to stay with him. Cameron is a commercial failure, but an uncompromising man of integrity. Roark's prominent buildings in New York City slowly begin to attract a growing number of individuals who understand the revolutionary nature of his designs.
The Fountainhead takes place in America in the s and s. Free summary and analysis of the events in Ayn Rand's The Fountainhead that won't make you snore. We promise. The Fountainhead is a novel by Russian-American author Ayn Rand, her first major literary success.
The novel's protagonist, Howard Roark, is an individualistic young architect who designs modernist buildings and refuses to compromise with an architectural establishment unwilling to.
The Fountainhead has become an enduring piece of literature, more popular now than when published in On the surface, it is a story of one man, Howard Roark, and his struggles as an architect in the face of a successful rival, Peter Keating, and a newspaper columnist, Ellsworth Toohey.
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This page guide for “Water by the Spoonful” by Quiara Alegría Hudes includes detailed chapter summaries and analysis covering 15 chapters, as well as several more in-depth sections of expert-written. A summary of Themes in Ayn Rand's The Fountainhead. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Fountainhead and what it means.
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